Last update: May 20th, 2003.
Here are some list, with pictures when available:

  • AMBIO : rosewood claves.

  • APONGA known as drum.

  • GUITARE, but with a totally different tuning.

  • JEJY VOATAVO: two sets of 3 strings on a neck attached to a large open calabash.

  • KABOSY : sort of small squared guitare with 4 strings.

  • LOKANGA: A malagasy version violin.

  • MAROVANY: double-sided box zither.

  • SODINA: known in english as flute.


  • VALIHA : a sort of Bambou zither.

    Information above were taken from compilation of different comments on Musics and CDs.



    "Drum made with zebu skin. The two ends of the drum are covered with a skin streched taut with rope. The one end gives a high-pitched sound, while the other gives a deep sound. It is slung round the neck, with a band of material: one hand holds a slender, pliable stick, while the other beats bare handed."

    Usually, you will find it played in the region in the center of the island.
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    This is one of the most traditional and typical musical instrument found mainly in the center of the island.

    Historically, it might have come from the connection of the Malagasy ancestor with south asian countries (Vietnam, Phillipines, Indonesia). The name Valiha means musical instrument (from the sanskrit vadya).

    Originally, this instrument was played only at mystical and religious ceremonies, because it represents peace.

    The tuning of the valiha is going alternatively as shown on the picture.
    Really fascinated by this instrument? read this more detailled explanation.
    One valiha player name to know is Sylvestre Randafison who has performed in different countries, from Japan to U.S.A and other European countries.
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